and Deciduous Forest Trees
of Southern Ontario

Wild Crabapple
Malus coronaria

Location in Ontario: This small Carolinian Tree  grows throughout the Carolinian Zone.

Wild Crabapple Flowers

Genus Malus: Leaves are alternate and simple with toothed edges. Malus includes domestic apples. The trees are monecious with perfect flowers. Flowers are showy with five petals in white, pink or red, depending on the species. Identification of species can be difficult due to hybridisation. The only tree-sized species of Malus in Ontario is Wild Crabapple.

Landscape Use:
This small tree has beautiful flowers, but also thorns! It has an irregular crown and bears small yellow apples, which are edible but sour.

Habitat: Wild Crabapple may grow in the shade or along the edge of a forest.

TREE FACT: Wild Crabapple often forms thickets.

Leaves: The leaves are simple with teeth that increase with size toward the base of the leaf. Leaves are wider at the base.

Spring leaves, Norfolk County


Size: This is a small tree up to 9 metres. It is short-lived between 50 to 75 years.

Bark: The bark is reddish-brown and scaly.

Flowers: Wild Crabapple is monoecious with perfect flowers. Flowers appear in May with deep pink buds, then pink flowers fading to pale pink or white.

Flower Buds

Fruit: A crabapple is simply a small apple, however the fruit of this tree is very sour.

TREE FACT: The fruit of Wild Crabapple, although sour, makes excellent jelly.

Crabapples on the tree in late summer.

Wood: The wood is hard and heavy. The wood is of small size and used for tool handles and carving.
Specific gravity: 0.70
Janka Hardness: unknown
Wood Comparison Chart

Flowers come out pink, then fade to white