Wild Crabapple
Malus coronaria

Location in Ontario
This small Carolinian Tree grows throughout the Carolinian Zone. Wild Crabapple may grow in the shade or along the edge of a forest.

Wild Crabapple Flowers

Genus Malus
Leaves are alternate and simple with toothed edges. Malus includes domestic apples. The trees are monecious with perfect flowers. Flowers are showy with five petals in white, pink or red, depending on the species. Identification of species can be difficult due to hybridisation. The only tree-sized species of Malus in Ontario is Wild Crabapple.
In the Landscape
Wild Crabapple is a small tree that grows up to 9 metres. It is short-lived between 50 to 75 years. This small tree has beautiful flowers, but also thorns! It has an irregular crown and bears small yellow apples, which are edible but sour.

TREE FACT: Wild Crabapple often forms thickets.

Flowers come out pink, then fade to white
The leaves are simple with teeth that increase with size toward the base of the leaf. Leaves are wider at the base. Leaves turn orange-red in the fall.
The bark is reddish-brown and scaly.
Wild Crabapple is monoecious with perfect flowers. Flowers appear in May with deep pink buds, then pink flowers fading to pale pink or white. Flowers appear after the leaves and are pollinated by insects.
Fruit: A crabapple is simply a small apple (pome)

TREE FACT: The fruit of Wild Crabapple, although sour, makes excellent jelly.

The wood is hard and heavy. The wood is of small size and used for tool handles and carving.

Specific gravity: 0.70
Janka Hardness: unknown

Wood Comparison Chart

Spring leaves, Norfolk County

Wild Crabapple is not included in the United States Forest Service Silvics Manual.