Carolinian
   and Deciduous Forest Trees
   of Southern Ontario
 
       
Carolinian Trees are indicated in red.

Ash (Fraxinus)
Black Ash
Blue Ash
Pumpkin Ash
Red Ash
White Ash

Basswood (Tilia)
American Basswood
 

Beech (Fagus)
American Beech

 

Birch (Betula)
Cherry Birch 
Yellow Birch

Blue-Beech (Carpinus)
Blue Beech

Cherry (Prunus)

Black Cherry
Choke Cherry
Pin Cherry

Chestnut (Castanea)
American Chestnut

Crabapple (Malus)

Wild Crabapple

  

Dogwood (Cornus)
Eastern Flowering Dogwood

Elm (Ulmus)
Rock Elm
Slippery Elm
White Elm

Gum (Nyssa)

Black Gum
  

Hackberry (Celtis)
Dwarf Hackberry
Northern Hackberry

Hemlock (Tsuga)
Eastern Hemlock

Hickory (Carya)
Bitternut Hickory
Red (Pignut) Hickory Shagbark Hickory
Shellbark Hickory

Hop Hornbeam (Ostrya)
Hop Hornbeam  
 

Hop Tree (Ptelea)
Hop Tree

Kentucky Coffee Tree (Gymnocladus)
Kentucky Coffee Tree

Locust (Gleditsia)
Honey Locust

Magnolia (Magnolia)
Cucumber Tree

Maple (Acer)
Black Maple
Freeman's Maple
Red Maple
Silver Maple
Sugar Maple

Mulberry (Morus)
Red Mulberry

Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus)
Ohio Buckeye

 

Oaks, Red (Quercus)
Black Oak
Hill's Oak
Pin Oak
Red Oak
Shumard Oak

Oaks, White (Quercus)
Bur Oak
Chinquapin Oak
Dwarf Chinquapin Oak
Swamp White Oak
White Oak

Paw Paw (Asimina)
Paw Paw

Pine (Pinus)
Eastern White Pine

 

Poplar (Populus)

Balsam Poplar
Eastern Cottonwood Largetooth Aspen
 Trembling Aspen

Red Cedar (Juniperus)
Eastern Red Cedar
 

Redbud (Cercis)
Redbud
 

Sassafras (Sassafras)
Sassafras

  

Serviceberry (Amelanchier)
Downy Serviceberry
  

Sycamore (Platanus)
American Sycamore

Tamarack (Larix)
Tamarack
 

Tulip Tree (Liriodendron)
Tulip Tree

Walnut (Juglans)
Black Walnut
Butternut

White Cedar (Thuja)
Eastern White Cedar
   

Exclusions: Hawthorns, Willows, Manitoba Maple, Mountain Maple, Plums, Black Spruce (found only in limited areas) and tall shrubs. White Birch, White Spruce and Red Pine are frequently planted in the Carolinian Zone, but do not occur naturally.

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All photography by A. Sawyer and family, Long Point, Ontario, Canada.

Latest update: October 1, 2018

Your comments are welcome!
Email: point@kwic.com

References:

Farrar, J. L. (1995). Trees in Canada. Markham, Ontario: Fitzhenry & Whiteside.

Waldron, G. (2003). Trees of the Carolinian forest: A guide to species, their ecology and uses. Erin, Ontario: Boston Mills Press.

Bissonnette, D. (2009). The Native Seed Identification & Cultivation Guide for Southern Ontario. Essex, Ontario: The Naturalized Habitat Network of Essex County & Windsor.

Government of Canada. (n.d.) COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada). Retrieved June 24, 2015, from http://www.cosewic.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=en&n=50619BC6-1

Eric Meier. (2008). The Wood Database. Retrieved October 08, 2015, from http://www.wood-database.com/

University of Guelph. (n.d.). Arboretum. Retrieved June 24, 2015, from http://www.uoguelph.ca/arboretum/

United States Forest Service. (1990). Silvics Manuals-volume 1 and volume 2. Retrieved August 30, 2015, from https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/misc/ag_654/
table_of_contents.htm

Iowa State University Forestry Extension, (n.d.). Tree Index of Common Trees & Shrubs of Iowa. Retrieved October 29, 2015, from https://www.extension.iastate.edu/forestry/
iowa_trees/trees/index.html

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service. (2015). Trees. Retrieved March 24, 2017, from https://tidcf.nrcan.gc.ca/en/trees

Wojtech, M. (2011). Bark: a field guide to trees of the northeast. Hanover: University Press of New England.

Henry, M. & Quinby, P. (2009). Ontario's Old Growth Forests. Markham, Ontario: Fitzhenry & Whiteside.

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