Dwarf Chinquapin Oak
Quercus prinoides

Location in Ontario
Dwarf Chinquapin Oak is a Carolinian Tree which grows only in Lambton County, Norfolk County and along the Grand River in Brantford. It grows in groups on dry sandy slopes.


Dwarf Chinquapin Oak,  Norfolk County

Genus Quercus
The ten Oaks of Southern Ontario are divided into two categories. Red Oaks have lobed leaves which are pointed and acorns (seeds) that develop over two years. White Oaks have leaves with rounded lobes or simple leaves with sharp teeth and acorns (seeds) that develop over one year. Acorns are a one-seeded nut with a tough shell, and a scaly cap which attaches to the tree. Often, Oak leaves stay on the tree over winter. Oak leaves on the ground are slow to decay, as this is a survival strategy to prevent the growth of other plants nearby. Oaks are monoecious with male (pollen) flowers and female (seed) flowers on the same tree. Oak is a favoured wood for flooring and furniture.


8 Oaks of University of Guelph Arboretum L to R: Shumard, Hill's, Bur, Chinquapin, Dwarf Chinquapin, Red, Swamp White, White. Missing: Black Oak and Pin Oak

In the Landscape
Dwarf Chinquapin Oak is a very small tree, up to 6 metres maximum. No data can be found on how long this tree lives, but it is probably relatively short lived as small trees often are. Dwarf Chinquapin Oak is an attractive small tree that has many small acorns. Oak leaves do not decay readily and will persist beneath the tree along with acorns.


Pinery Provincial Park

Leaves
Dwarf Chinquapin Oak has leaves that are rounded ovals, similar to Chinquapin Oak, but with only 4-9 teeth per side. Leaves turn red in the fall.
Bark
The bark is light brown and scaly.
Flowers
Dwarf Chinquapin Oaks are monoecious with male (pollen) flowers and female (seed) flowers on the same tree. Flowers are contained in catkins. Flowers appear with the leaves and are wind pollinated.
Fruit
After three to five years of growth, Dwarf Chinquapin Oaks produce many small acorns that mature over one year.

Wood
Dwarf Chinquapin Oak wood is hard and heavy, but not used commercially due to its small size.
Specific gravity: not available
Janka Hardness: not available
Wood Comparison Chart


Dwarf Chinquapin Oak, University of Guelph Arboretum

The United States Forest Service Silvics Manual does not include Dwarf Chinquapin Oak.

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