Index to the Trees of the Carolinian Zone by Leaf

Red indicates a Carolinian Tree
* indicates a species at risk

Trees With Simple Leaves
Simple leaves are directly attached to a stem. Leaves have a single shape, such as oval, round etc. with no protrusions.

 American Basswood

American Beech

Blue Beech

*Cherry Birch 
Yellow Birch


Black Cherry
Choke Cherry
Pin Cherry

*American Chestnut

*Cucumber Magnolia

*Eastern Flowering Dogwood

Rock Elm
Slippery Elm
White Elm


Black Gum

*Dwarf Hackberry
Northern Hackberry

Hop Hornbeam 

Paw Paw

Red Bud

Balsam Poplar
Eastern Cottonwood
Largetooth Aspen
 Trembling Aspen

Downy Serviceberry
Trees With Lobed Leaves

Black Maple

Freeman's Maple
Red Maple
Silver Maple
Sugar Maple


Red Mulberry

White Oaks
Bur Oak
Chinquapin Oak
Dwarf Chinquapin Oak
Swamp White Oak
White Oak


Red Oaks
Black Oak
Hill's Oak
Pin Oak
Red Oak

*Shumard Oak


American Sycamore

Tulip Tree

Wild Crabapple
Trees With Compound Leaves
(Simple leaflets not directly attached to a branch)


*Black Ash
*Blue Ash
Pumpkin Ash
Red Ash
White Ash

Bitternut Hickory
Red (Pignut) Hickory
 Shagbark Hickory
Shellbark Hickory

*Hop Tree


Ohio Buckeye

Black Walnut

Trees With Doubly Compound Leaves
(Compound leaflets are not directly attached to a branch)


Honey Locust


Kentucky Coffee Tree
Coniferous Trees

Eastern Hemlock

Eastern Red Cedar

Eastern White Cedar

Eastern White Pine



Not Included: Hawthorns, Willows, Manitoba Maple, Mountain Maple, Plums and tall shrubs.

White Birch, White Spruce and Red Pine are frequently planted in the Carolinian Zone, but do not occur naturally.