Dwarf Hackberry
Celtis tenuifolia

Location in Ontario
Dwarf Hackberry grows in Lambton County, on Point Pelee and Pelee Island, and north of Belleville. It grows on dry, sandy soil and occasionally on alvars.

COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada) Status: Dwarf Hackberry is a threatened species in Canada. This is due to its limited range and loss of habitat.

COSEWIC: Dwarf Hackberry

Dwarf Hackberry in Point Pelee National Park

Genus Celtis
Leaves are simple, alternate and asymmetrical. Flowers are monoecious with longer, fuzzy male flowers and more rounded female flowers. Seeds are found in a reddish-purple drupe. In Ontario, Celtis includes Northern Hackberry and Dwarf Hackberry; similar species except for size.

In the Landscape
Growing only to 8 metres in height, Dwarf Hackberry is a shrubby, small sized tree. No data can be found for lifespan. Dwarf Hackberry can be bush-like or a very small tree, with attractive, asymmetrical leaves and colourful fruit. It is easily transplanted.

Dwarf Hackberry, University of Guelph Arboretum

Dwarf Hackberry leaves are simple, with a tapered tip. The shape is asymmetrical. Leaves turn yellow to brown in the fall.
Bark: The bark is dark grayish brown with fissures.
Dwarf Hackberry is monoecious with male and female flowers on the same tree. Small, greenish flowers appear in May with the leaves. Flowers are pollinated by the wind.
Dwarf Hackberry seeds are edible drupes and mature in October. The reddish-purple fruit often stays on branches into winter. No data can be found on age to produce seeds or seed crops.
Dwarf Hackberry wood is too small to be used commercially.
Specific gravity: Unavailable
Janka Hardness:
Wood Comparison Chart

Dwarf Hackberry is not included in the United States Forest Service Silvics Manual.