Carolinian
and Deciduous Forest Trees

of Southern Ontario

Eastern White Pine
Pinus strobus

Location in Ontario: Eastern White Pine is found throughout the Deciduous Forest Region, and northward. 


Beautiful White Pine, Rock Point Provincial Park

Genus Pinus: This evergreen genus is divided into two groups; soft and hard pine. The leaves are scales or needles. Pollen cones are catkin-like. Seed cones are large and woody. In Southern Ontario, Eastern White Pine, a soft pine, is the only species found.

Habitat: Eastern White Pine grows on a variety of soils, but does best on rich, moist soil.

Landscape Use: This fast growing, large tree makes an excellent evergreen specimen, with its long, soft needles, and windswept appearance as it matures.

TREE FACT: Eastern White Pine is the provincial tree of Ontario. It is also the tallest tree in Ontario.

Leaves: This coniferous tree has leaves that are needles in bundles of five. The needles are flexible and bluish-green in colour.

Size: This large tree is the tallest tree in Ontario, growing up to 45 metres and reaching 200 years old. Occasionally White Pines grow to be larger and older.

TREE FACT: White Pine is one of the most valuable trees in Ontario; in the past as masts for ships, and as lumber. Giant stands of White Pine once filled the landscape, but were cut down, and large trees are rare today.

Bark: The bark is grayish-brown with broad scaly ridges and furrows.

Cones: The seeds are found in long, cylindrical cones that are yellowish-green to light brown when mature. Production of cones begins between 5 and 10 years of age, with good seed crops every 3 to 5 years.


New growth and cones, Norfolk County 

Wood: The wood is soft and moderately strong.
Specific gravity: 0.35
Janka Hardness: 380 lb
Wood Comparison Chart

The wood is used for doors, mouldings, trim and furniture.


Large White Pine, Backus Woods, Norfolk County 

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