Downy Serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea

Location in Ontario
Downy Serviceberry grows in Southern Ontario and Southern Quebec. It is an understory tree often seen along the edges of forests.

Downy Serviceberry in flower, Norfolk County
Genus Amelanchier
It is difficult to determine between species of Amelanchier. Leaves are alternate and simple with small teeth. The flowers are white with 5 petals and showy. Fruits are berry-like and tasty to eat. Trees are small understorey trees or bushes. The only Amelanchier of notable size in Ontario is Downy Serviceberry.

In the Landscape
Downy serviceberry is a small tree or large shrub. It can reach 15 metres in height. It can be a single trunk or multi-stemmed. Downy serviceberry is relatively short lived to less than 50 years. It is a popular landscape tree, as it is small in size and has beautiful white flowers and bright red fruit.

Downy Serviceberry with flowers and fruit, Norfolk County

Leaves are simple and oval shaped with a sharp tip and teeth along the edges. Leaves turn shades of red, orange and yellow in the fall.
The bark is gray in colour, smooth but with vertical fissures, often reddish in colour. The bark of  becomes furrowed and scaly on older trees.
Downy Serviceberry is monoecious with perfect flowers. The beautiful white flowers have five petals and come out in April before the leaves. They are short-lived for only a few days. Pollination is by bees, beetles and butterflies.
The fruit is a pome (fleshy fruit with seeds) which ripens in June. The fruits turn red when ripe, and can be used for jams and pies, but since they are favoured by birds, they can be hard to get. Seeds are produced yearly, starting at about 5 years of age.

The wood is hard and heavy, and used for tool handles.
Specific Gravity: not available
Janka Hardness: not available
Wood Comparison Chart

Downy Serviceberry, Norfolk County

The United States Forest Service Silvics Manual does not include Downy Serviceberry.