and Deciduous Forest Trees

of Southern Ontario

Downy Serviceberry
Amelanchier Arborea

Location in Ontario:
Downy Serviceberry grows in Southern Ontario and Southern Quebec.

Downy Serviceberry in flower, Norfolk County

Genus Amelanchier: It is difficult to determine between species of Amelanchier. Leaves are alternate and simple with small teeth. The flowers are white with 5 petals and showy. Fruits are berry-like and tasty to eat. Trees are small understorey trees or bushes. The only Amelanchier of notable size in Ontario is Downy Serviceberry.

Habitat: Downy Serviceberry is an understory tree often seen along the edges of forests.

Landscape Use: Downy Serviceberry is a popular landscape tree, as it is small in size and has beautiful white flowers and bright red fruit.

Leaves: Leaves are simple and oval shaped with a sharp tip and teeth along the edges.

shades of red, orange and yellow.

Downy serviceberry is a small tree or large shrub. It can reach 15 metres in height. It can be a single trunk or multi-stemmed. Downy serviceberry is relatively short lived to less than 50 years.

Bark: The bark is gray in colour, smooth but with vertical fissures, often reddish in colour. The bark of  becomes furrowed and scaly on older trees.

TREE FACT: Blue Beech is also called "Muscle Tree" due to the muscle-like ridges on the trunk.

Flowers: The beautiful white flowers have five petals and come out in April. They are short-lived for only a few days.

Serviceberry flowers with five petals

Fruit: The fruit is a pome (fleshy with seeds) which ripens in June. The fruits turn red when ripe, and can be used for jams and pies, but since they are favoured by birds, they can be hard to get. Seeds are produced yearly, starting at about 5 years of age.

Wood: The wood is hard and heavy, and used for tool handles.
Specific Gravity: not available
Janka Hardness: not available
Wood Comparison Chart

Downy Serviceberry, Norfolk County